Postural transitions detected using a single waist Physilog®
Sit-to-stand and stand-to-sit transitions are frequent daily functional tasks indicative of muscle power and balance performance. Monitoring these postural transitions with inertial sensors provides an objective tool to assess mobility in both the laboratory and home environment. While the measurement depends on the sensor location, the clinical and everyday use requires high compliance and subject adherence.
The objective of this study was to propose a sit-to-stand and stand-to-sit transition detection algorithm that works independently of the sensor location. To investigate the effect of the location on the kinematic parameters, these parameters were extracted during a five-time sit-to-stand test and were compared for different locations of the sensor on the trunk and lower back. The detection performance of the algorithm was validated against video observations.
The proposed detection method demonstrates high accuracy in different populations with a mean positive predictive value (and mean sensitivity) of 98% (95%) for healthy individuals and 89% (89%) for participants with diseases. The sensor location around the waist did not affect the performance of the algorithm in detecting the sit-to-stand and stand-to-sit transitions. However, regarding the accuracy of the kinematic parameters, the sensors located on the sternum and L5 vertebrae demonstrated the highest reliability.
Read the complete study: “Postural transitions detection and characterization in healthy and patient populations using a single waist sensor“, Atrsaei et al, 2020